KORONAVIRUS: otázky a odpovědi O VIRU

05.02.2020 21:21

1. What is the novel Coronavirus 2019-nCov? Co je nový koronavirus?

The 2019 novel coronavirus, temporarily named 2019-nCoV, was identified in China at the end of 2019 and is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. Je dočasně označován jako 2019-nCoV a byl identifikován na konci roku 2019 v Číně.

2. Where do Coronaviruses come from? Odkud koronavirus pochází?

Coronaviruses are viruses that circulate among animals but some of them are also known to affect humans. After they have infected humans, they can eventually be transmitted to humans. Koronavirus mívají zvířata, ale došlo k přestupu a nakažení člověka.

A wide range of animals is known to be the source of coronaviruses. For instance, the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) originated from camels and the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) originated from civet cats.

More information on coronaviruses can be found on the ECDC factsheet

3. What is the mode of transmission? How (easily) does it spread? Jaký je způsob přenosu? Jak (snadno) se šíří?

While animals are the source of the virus, this virus is now spreading from one person to another (human-to-human transmission). There is currently not enough epidemiological information to determine how easily and sustainably this virus is spreading between people. The virus seems to be transmitted mainly via respiratory droplets that people sneeze, cough, or exhale. Zatím není dostatek informací pro určení, jak snadno a jakým způsobem se vir přenáší z člověka na člověka. Zdá se, že se přenáší z dýchacích cest a to nejen kýcháním, kašláním nemocného, ale také pouhým vzduchem, který nemocný vydechne.

The incubation period for 2019-nCov (i.e. the time between exposure to the virus and onset of symptoms) is currently estimated at between two and 12 days. While people are mostly infectious when they present (flu-like) symptoms, there are indications that some people maybe be able to transmit the virus without presenting any symptoms or before the symptoms appear. If this is confirmed, it would make early detection of 2019-nCoV infections more difficult. However, it is not unusual for viral infections of this type, as is also seen with measles, for example. Doba, po kterou je možné se nakazit, je odhadována mezi 2 a 12 dny. Touto inkubační dobou se rozumí čas, který uplyne mezi vystavením zdravého člověka koronaviru a objevením se příznaků nemoci.

If people with 2019-nCoV are tested and diagnosed in a timely manner and rigorous infection control measures are applied, the likelihood of sustained human-to-human transmission in community settings in the EU/EEA is low. Systematic implementation of infection prevention and control measures were effective in controlling SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.

 

Přeložena pouze ta část anglického textu, kterou autorka webu vnímá jako zásadní. Plné znění a zdroj: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china/questions-answers